MBBS in Russia.Russia is known to have a very robust education system. The government of Russia takes care of the education system along with that it keeps an eye on management of the educational institutions across the country. The education in Russia is provided primarily by the state and is regulated by the Ministry of Education and Science. According to the latest survey, Russia has spent around 3.8% of GDP in 2013. Regional authorities regulate education within their jurisdictions within the prevailing framework of federal laws. According to a survey done by the Central Intelligence Agency in the year 2015, the literacy rate in Russia is 99.7% (99.7% men, 99.6% women). The structure of the education system of Russia is explained below:
Kindergartens and pre-schools are regulated by regional and local authorities. The Ministry of Education and Science regulates only a brief pre-school preparation programme for the 5–6-year-old children.
a. General Framework: An eleven-year secondary education in Russia is compulsory since September 1, 2007. Whereas, until the year 2007, it was limited to nine years with grades 10-11 optional. A student of 15 to 18 years of age may drop out of school with approval of his/her parent and local authorities.
b. Vocational Training Program: After a student completes a nine-year programme, he/she is given a choice of either completing the remaining two years at normal school or of a transfer to a specialized professional training school. They provide students with a vocational skill qualification and a high school certificate equivalent to 11-year education in a normal school; the programme, due to its work training component, extends over 3 years.
Russia provides special services for the disabled students
According to a report from UNESCO, more than half of the Russian adult population has gained a tertiary education, which is twice as high as the OECD average. During the 2007–2008 academic year, Russia had 8.1 million students enrolled in all forms of tertiary education (including military and police institutions and postgraduate studies). Foreign students accounted for 5.2% of enrolment, half of whom were from other CIS countries.
There are two successive postgraduate degrees available in Russia: Candidate of science and Doctor of science. Both are a certificate of scientific, rather than academic, achievement, and must be backed up by original/novel scientific work, evidenced by publications in peer-reviewed journals and a dissertation defended in front of senior academic board.